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eyeballclick to hear

Enclosed in a bony cavity (orbit) and moved by six muscles, this complex organ collects light signals and transmits them to the brain to form images.
eyeball sclera superior rectus muscle fovea lens choroid retina macula optic nerve papilla vitreous body inferior rectus muscle ciliary body suspensory ligament iris conjunctiva aqueous humor pupil cornea anterior chamber posterior chamber

sclera click to hear

Strong fibrous opaque membrane covered by the conjunctiva; it surrounds the eyeball and protects the inner structures.

superior rectus muscle click to hear

Muscle allowing the eyeball to move upward.

fovea click to hear

Central depression of the yellow spot composed entirely of cones; the place where visual acuity is at its maximum.

lens click to hear

Transparent elastic area of the eye; focuses images on the retina to obtain clear vision.

choroid click to hear

Richly veined membrane located between the sclera and the retina, to which it carries nutrients and oxygen.

retina click to hear

Inner membrane at the back of the eye covered in light-sensitive nerve cells (photoreceptors); these transform light into an electrical impulse that is carried to the optic nerve.

macula click to hear

Area of the retina where the cones are concentrated; it plays an essential role in day vision and the perception of colors.

optic nerve click to hear

Nerve formed by the juncture of the nerve fibers of the retina; it carries visual information to the brain, where it is interpreted.

papilla click to hear

Protuberance formed by the anterior terminal part of the optic nerve in the retina; it has no light-sensitive cells and thus no vision. It is also called the blind spot.

vitreous body click to hear

Transparent gelatinous mass (almost 90% of the eye); it maintains constant intraocular pressure so the eye keeps its shape.

inferior rectus muscle click to hear

Muscle allowing the eyeball to move downward.

ciliary body click to hear

Muscle tissue secreting the aqueous humor; its muscles enable the lens to change shape to adapt vision for near or far.

suspensory ligament click to hear

Fibrous tissue connecting the ciliary body to the lens, holding it in place inside the eyeball.

iris click to hear

Colored central portion of the eyeball composed of muscles whose dilation or contraction controls the opening of the pupil.

conjunctiva click to hear

Fine transparent mucous covering the sclera and inner surface of the eyelid; it facilitates sliding thus giving the eyeball its wide range of movement.

aqueous humor click to hear

Transparent liquid contained in the anterior and posterior chambers; it nourishes the iris and maintains the pressure and shape of the eye.

pupil click to hear

Central orifice of the eye whose opening varies to regulate the amount of light entering the eye; light causes the pupil to contract.

cornea click to hear

Transparent fibrous membrane extending the sclera and whose curved shape makes light rays converge toward the inside of the eye.

anterior chamber click to hear

Cavity of the eye between the cornea and the iris containing the aqueous humor.

posterior chamber click to hear

Cavity of the eye between the iris and the lens containing the aqueous humor.