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structure of a mushroomclick to hear

The mushroom is composed of an underground part (mycelium) and an aboveground, often edible part that is also the reproductive organ.
structure of a mushroom spores stem gill mycelium hypha volva ring cap

spores click to hear

Microscopic seeds acting as reproductive agents; they are usually released into the air and fall on a substrate to produce a new mushroom.

stem click to hear

Axis supporting the mushroom’s cap.

gill click to hear

Fertile spore-producing part of the mushroom, located under the cap.

mycelium click to hear

Tangle of hyphae created through spore germination, from which the aboveground part of the mushroom develops.

hypha click to hear

Microscopic filament, often white, that draws water and the organic matter necessary for mushroom development.

volva click to hear

Remnant of a membrane that completely covered the immature mushroom and ruptured as the stem grew.

ring click to hear

Membrane located under the cap and circling the stem; remnant of a membrane that covered the gills of the immature mushroom and ruptured as the cap grew.

cap click to hear

Differently shaped and colored upper part of the mushroom that protects the gills; it usually resembles a headdress, hence its name.