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fabric structureclick to hear

The way the threads of the material are put together during weaving.
fabric structure selvage lengthwise grain crosswise grain bias underlying fabrics lining interlining underlining interfacing garment fabric

selvage click to hear

The finished border of a piece of fabric, woven more tightly than the piece it borders and parallel to the lengthwise grain.

lengthwise grain click to hear

Evenly spaced parallel threads arranged lengthwise along the fabric.

crosswise grain click to hear

The threads that are passed through the lengthwise grain from one selvage to another; it is the width of the fabric.

bias click to hear

Direction of a fabric; it is diagonal to the crosswise grain and the lengthwise grain.

underlying fabrics click to hear

Fabrics used to hold the shape of a garment and give it a professional finish.

lining click to hear

Soft fabric cut from the same pattern as the garment inside which it is sewn; it gives body to the garment, embellishes it, hides its seams and makes it warmer.

interlining click to hear

Fabric used to make a garment warmer.

underlining click to hear

Fabric used to hold the shape of the garment and make it more opaque.

interfacing click to hear

Tear-resistant fabric used to hold the shape of the garment and give it body.

garment fabric click to hear

Principal material used for the garment; it covers the underlying fabrics.