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structure of the Sun [2]click to hear

From the center to the periphery are the core, the radiation and convection zones, the photosphere, the chromosphere and the corona.
structure of the Sun [2] flare faculae spicules photosphere corona prominence convection zone radiation zone core granulation sunspot chromosphere

flare click to hear

Violent projection of extremely hot gas into space, provoking polar auroras on Earth a few days later.

faculae click to hear

Luminous region of the photosphere.

spicules click to hear

A narrow jet of gas in the form of a plume observed in the solar chromosphere.

photosphere click to hear

Visible surface of the Sun, with a temperature of 10,000°F.

corona click to hear

The outermost layer of the solar atmosphere, visible in the form of a halo during a total eclipse; corona temperatures can reach 1,800,000°F.

prominence click to hear

Gas that erupts from the chromosphere and solar corona, contrasting with the darkness of space.

convection zone click to hear

Region where hot gas currents circulate between the hot regions of the core and the cool surface.

radiation zone click to hear

Region where energy produced in the core cools before migrating in the form of light and heat.

core click to hear

The innermost part of the Sun where hydrogen is converted into helium by nuclear fusion; core temperatures reach 27,000,000°F.

granulation click to hear

Network of cells on the photosphere brought about by the convective movement of hot gas from the Sun’s interior.

sunspot click to hear

A dark, slightly cooler zone of the photosphere where the magnetic field is more intense.

chromosphere click to hear

The lowest level of the solar atmosphere, with a temperature of 18,000°F.