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crude-oil pipelineclick to hear

Continuous underground, aboveground or underwater oil pipeline that can be thousands of miles long (the Trans-Siberian pipeline is 3,800 mi long).
crude-oil pipeline derrick offshore well tank farm buffer tank aboveground pipeline central pumping station terminal refinery intermediate booster station pipeline Christmas tree pumping station submarine pipeline production platform

derrick click to hear

Metal structure erected over an oil well; tools for drilling through rock are raised and lowered through it.

offshore well click to hear

Hole dug in the sea floor to extract oil deposits; equipment such as the Christmas tree rests on the seabed.

tank farm click to hear

All the facilities (such as tanks and pumps) that store large quantities of crude oil to be sent later to the refinery.

buffer tank click to hear

Large container that stores crude oil temporarily before it is pumped back into the pipeline.

aboveground pipeline click to hear

Oil pipeline that rests on aboveground supports to protect it from frozen ground (e.g., the Alaska pipeline).

central pumping station click to hear

Powerful pumping station that maintains the pressure required to move the oil along the pipeline to the next pumping station.

terminal click to hear

Facility located at the end of the pipeline that includes equipment such as tanks and pumps; it receives the crude oil before it is refined.

refinery click to hear

Plant in which crude oil is refined (separated and scrubbed) to obtain a broad range of finished products (including motor fuel and oils).

intermediate booster station click to hear

Booster station that reinforces the action of the central station and maintains the flow of oil in the pipeline network.

pipeline click to hear

The steel piping that carries oil from one treatment facility to another.

Christmas tree click to hear

Group of devices at the head of the producing well that regulate the flow of oil being extracted from the deposit.

pumping station click to hear

Installation located at regular intervals along the pipeline that is fitted with motorized pumps; it ensures that the oil flows inside the pipeline.

submarine pipeline click to hear

Pipeline installed on the seabed that carries oil extracted from an underwater deposit to shore.

production platform click to hear

Facility used to extract underwater oil deposits; the separation and treatment of hydrocarbons are mainly done here.