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cartridge (rifle)click to hear

Piece of ammunition made up of a single projectile (bullet), an explosive charge (propellant) and a primer, all packed inside a case.
cartridge (rifle) cup bullet nose jacket propellant primer case core

cup click to hear

Metal base of the case that contains the primer.

bullet click to hear

Rifle projectile; it separates from its case as it is driven in a straight line by a high-speed explosion.

nose click to hear

Tip of the bullet; the nose determines how the bullet will penetrate the target upon impact.

jacket click to hear

Metal coating that protects the bullet as it moves along the barrel of the firearm.

propellant click to hear

Explosive substance used to drive the projectile.

primer click to hear

Metal part filled with a chemical detonating substance that ignites the propellant.

case click to hear

Cylindrical cover that contains the cartridge’s explosive charge and projectile.

core click to hear

Central part of the bullet; it is made of lead.