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long trackclick to hear

Two competitors occupy specific lanes; they take off simultaneously and skate against a clock on an oval track 400 m long.
long track lane assistant referee referee start judges 500 m start line marker warm-up lane coaches protective mat assistant judges track judge 500 m finish line electronic timing system finish judge timekeepers lap counter

lane click to hear

Strip that is reserved for a skater during a race; after every lap, competitors change lanes to equalize the distance covered.

assistant referee click to hear

Official who assists the referee in his or her functions.

referee click to hear

Official who is responsible for applying the rules; the referee ensures that the competition runs smoothly and makes decisions on disputes.

start judges click to hear

Officials who give the start signal and indicate false starts; a competitor who makes two consecutive false starts is disqualified.

500 m start line click to hear

marker click to hear

Each of the pylons that delimits a lane.

warm-up lane click to hear

Lane that speed skaters use to prepare for the race.

coaches click to hear

Individuals who train the skaters; they devise strategy and give instructions to the skaters throughout the race.

protective mat click to hear

Padding that covers the boards to cushion the impact when a skater falls.

assistant judges click to hear

Officials placed near the crossover area to ensure that lane changes are executed properly.

track judge click to hear

Official who ensures that competitors skate in the proper lanes, create no obstruction and perform their turns properly.

500 m finish line click to hear

electronic timing system click to hear

Device that automatically records skaters’ finish times.

finish judge click to hear

Official who ensures that the finish conforms to regulations.

timekeepers click to hear

Officials positioned at the finish line to ensure that the electronic timing system functions properly; they keep time manually if necessary.

lap counter click to hear

Official who uses a counter to indicate the number of laps left to the skaters; the lap counter also rings a bell at the start of the last lap.