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violinclick to hear

Four-stringed instrument that the musician plays with a bow and holds between the shoulder and the chin.
violin nut sound hole waist peg peg box neck fingerboard string soundboard purfling bridge tailpiece chin rest end button rib scroll

nut click to hear

Small piece glued to the top of the neck; its function is to separate the strings and to raise them between the peg box and the bridge.

sound hole click to hear

Each of the openings whose function is to release sound from the sound box.

waist click to hear

Each of the instrument’s side notches in the shape of an inverted C.

peg click to hear

Piece of wood or metal that rolls the end of a string to adjust its tension to obtain the exact note.

peg box click to hear

The head of a stringed instrument, where the pegs are inserted.

neck click to hear

Slender piece of wood, usually maple, along which the strings are stretched.

fingerboard click to hear

Board on which the player’s fingers are placed to control the length of the vibrating string to determine the pitch of a note.

string click to hear

String made of gut or metal that is rubbed with a bow; its vibrations are transmitted to the bridge.

soundboard click to hear

The upper, slightly convex face of the instrument; it has two holes and receives vibrations from the bridge, which it transmits to the sound box.

purfling click to hear

Ornamental strip of wood around the edge of the soundboard and the bottom of the sound box.

bridge click to hear

Piece of wood over which the strings are stretched; it transmits their vibrations to the soundboard.

tailpiece click to hear

Piece of wood to which the bottom ends of the strings are attached.

chin rest click to hear

Slightly concave piece of wood or plastic on which the chin rests to hold the violin against the shoulder.

end button click to hear

Ebony button used to attach the tailpiece to the sound box.

rib click to hear

Each of the thin pieces of wood that form the sides of the instrument.

scroll click to hear

Spiral-shaped decorative end of the peg box.