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South Americaclick to hear

Linked to North America by Central America, its main features are the Andes Cordillera in the west and the plains and plateaus of the central and eastern regions.
South America Gulf of Panama Andes Cordillera Lake Titicaca Atacama Desert Tierra del Fuego Cape Horn Drake Passage Falkland Islands Patagonia Paraná River Equator Amazon River Orinoco River

Gulf of Panama click to hear

Bounded in the north by the Isthmus of Panama, its coast is uneven and dotted with islands.

Andes Cordillera click to hear

Longest mountain chain in the world (5,000 mi) and the second highest, it follows the western coast of South America; its highest peak is Aconcagua (22,834 feet).

Lake Titicaca click to hear

Located in the Andes Cordillera between Peru and Bolivia; at an elevation of 12,500 feet, it is the highest navigable lake in the world.

Atacama Desert click to hear

Among the driest deserts on the planet, receiving only a few inches of rain per year.

Tierra del Fuego click to hear

Archipelago separated from the continent by the Magellan Strait; its cold damp climate results in perpetual snows from as low as 2,300 feet.

Cape Horn click to hear

Southernmost point of South America, only 620 mi from Antarctica; famous for its storms and dangerous reefs and shoals.

Drake Passage click to hear

Almost 560 mi wide, it separates Tierra del Fuego from Antarctica and connects the Atlantic to the Pacific; its currents are very powerful.

Falkland Islands click to hear

Archipelago composed of two main islands separated by the Falkland Strait, as well as some 100 islets.

Patagonia click to hear

Plateau in Chile and Argentina; it is divided into Andean Patagonia with a humid climate and abundant vegetation, and the Patagonian plateau, which is dry and sparse.

Paraná River click to hear

River (1,860 mi) with most of its course in Brazil; it marks the boundary between Brazil and Paraguay, and between Paraguay and Argentina.

Equator click to hear

Imaginary circle surrounding Earth at its widest circumference, dividing it into two hemispheres: the Northern hemisphere and the Southern hemisphere.

Amazon River click to hear

The largest river in the world in volume of flow; it rises in the Andes and flows for 4,090 mi through more than 80% of Brazil’s territory.

Orinoco River click to hear

River in Venezuela (1,340 mi) that empties into the Atlantic through a vast delta; the volume of its flow is considerable.